West Virginia residents could suffer a brain injury in different ways. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an individual is struck in the head, falls down or is involved in a car accident. Concussions and contusions are among the most common types of TBI. A person does not necessarily have to lose consciousness to be concussed, and typical symptoms of a concussion include dizziness, confusion and memory issues.
West Virginia residents should know that traumatic brain injuries are not just common among professional players of contact sports. During the summer and autumn, when both children and adults become more active, one may suffer a TBI while boating, while playing softball or even while playing football in a more casual setting. Then there are the times when people hurt their head in a fall or car crash.
What at first may seem like minor brain injuries can have serious consequences in the long term. This is why it is so important for individuals who sustain head trauma to be tested. MRI scans, though, are slow and costly while CT scans are liable to miss traumatic brain injuries. Therefore, an alternative way of diagnosing TBIs is needed. West Virginia residents may be interested in knowing that some researchers may have found something to fulfill that need.
When a child incurs head trauma, doctors measure and regulate the child's level of carbon dioxide to ensure that enough blood oxygen reaches the brain. If too much carbon dioxide is allowed into the brain, it puts pressure in the skull, yet if too little passes through, it weakens blood circulation in the brain. West Virginia residents should know that there are two main ways of measuring carbon dioxide, one non-invasive and the other invasive.
Traumatic brain injury patients in West Virginia and elsewhere in the United States typically don't have any post-TBI treatment options. This is true despite the fact that TBIs affect 3 million Americans each year in the U.S. However, a new therapy may benefit patients by preventing brain damage after an injury affecting the brain is sustained.
A study published in the journal Neurology has analyzed the link between enlargement in the left atrium, one of the four chambers of the heart, and vascular brain injuries, which are any injuries that impair blood flow to the brain. West Virginia residents should know that researchers concluded that LA enlargement is independently associated with the presence of brain infarcts, which are areas of dead tissue resulting from lack of blood flow.
Traumatic brain injuries are often incurred by soldiers and by those who play contact sports like football and boxing. It has long been known that TBIs can lead to cognitive impairment and behavioral changes with some people becoming clinically depressed and committing suicide. West Virginia residents should know that there is no drug to prevent or cure this development in TBI patients.
Many people in West Virginia and across the U.S. suffer a traumatic brain injury in the wake of a car accident. TBIs are the result of a severe shock or blow to the head. When mild, they do not lead to loss of consciousness but may lead to nausea and dizziness. When severe, they may result in skull fractures, a loss of consciousness and even a coma. Victims may suffer seizures and confusion.
Every year, there are over 1.7 million traumatic brain injuries that occur across the United States. An estimated 7 percent of these cases are in children. Mild brain injuries are often called a "silent epidemic" as the symptoms can go unnoticed. The month of March each year is dedicated to raising awareness in West Virginia and throughout the nation about TBIs, preventing TBIs from occurring and encouraging people to seek help when a brain injury occurs.
A rapid test for confirming traumatic brain injuries has received the FDA's designation as a breakthrough device. The test, called the Tbit™ Blood Testing Platform and developed by medical device company BioDirection, can diagnose a concussion in less than 90 seconds using nanotechnology-based sensors. West Virginia residents will want to know more.