Traumatic brain injury can be life-changing and devastating. Each year, over 1.7 million people in West Virginia and across the country experience brain injuries, and the most common causes are car accidents and slip-and-fall incidents. Around 288,000 people are taken to the hospital while 50,000 people lose their lives each year. Scientists are investigating methods that could save accident victims' lives and address some of the long-term consequences of trauma to the brain. According to researchers at the University of Texas, an injection may be able to offset some of the most dangerous effects of a TBI. This experimental treatment is designed to stop abnormal electrical activity in the brain shortly after a traumatic accident.
TBI stands for traumatic brain injury and is a major cause of disability and death in West Virginia and across the U.S. The Ohio State University College of Medicine has published the results of four studies, all of which have to do with rehabilitative care for TBI patients. The studies found that several factors affect the results of TBI in-patient rehabilitation.
West Virginia parents should know that young children with a suspected traumatic brain injury are very often diagnosed by means of a CT scan. However, such exposure to ionizing radiation can lead to problems in children, who are, after all, still growing and sensitive to radiation. One study, the results of which have been published in Pediatrics, has tested the effectiveness of fast MRIs as an alternative.
West Virginia residents could suffer a brain injury in different ways. A traumatic brain injury (TBI) occurs when an individual is struck in the head, falls down or is involved in a car accident. Concussions and contusions are among the most common types of TBI. A person does not necessarily have to lose consciousness to be concussed, and typical symptoms of a concussion include dizziness, confusion and memory issues.
West Virginia residents should know that traumatic brain injuries are not just common among professional players of contact sports. During the summer and autumn, when both children and adults become more active, one may suffer a TBI while boating, while playing softball or even while playing football in a more casual setting. Then there are the times when people hurt their head in a fall or car crash.
What at first may seem like minor brain injuries can have serious consequences in the long term. This is why it is so important for individuals who sustain head trauma to be tested. MRI scans, though, are slow and costly while CT scans are liable to miss traumatic brain injuries. Therefore, an alternative way of diagnosing TBIs is needed. West Virginia residents may be interested in knowing that some researchers may have found something to fulfill that need.
When a child incurs head trauma, doctors measure and regulate the child's level of carbon dioxide to ensure that enough blood oxygen reaches the brain. If too much carbon dioxide is allowed into the brain, it puts pressure in the skull, yet if too little passes through, it weakens blood circulation in the brain. West Virginia residents should know that there are two main ways of measuring carbon dioxide, one non-invasive and the other invasive.
Traumatic brain injury patients in West Virginia and elsewhere in the United States typically don't have any post-TBI treatment options. This is true despite the fact that TBIs affect 3 million Americans each year in the U.S. However, a new therapy may benefit patients by preventing brain damage after an injury affecting the brain is sustained.
A study published in the journal Neurology has analyzed the link between enlargement in the left atrium, one of the four chambers of the heart, and vascular brain injuries, which are any injuries that impair blood flow to the brain. West Virginia residents should know that researchers concluded that LA enlargement is independently associated with the presence of brain infarcts, which are areas of dead tissue resulting from lack of blood flow.
Traumatic brain injuries are often incurred by soldiers and by those who play contact sports like football and boxing. It has long been known that TBIs can lead to cognitive impairment and behavioral changes with some people becoming clinically depressed and committing suicide. West Virginia residents should know that there is no drug to prevent or cure this development in TBI patients.